The correct, optimal and working solution for programming question binary-tree-maximum-path-sum on leetcode

/* * Author: Arpit Bhayani * https://arpitbhayani.me */ #include <cmath> #include <cstdio> #include <cstdlib> #include <climits> #include <deque> #include <iostream> #include <list> #include <limits> #include <map> #include <queue> #include <set> #include <stack> #include <vector> #define ll long long #define MIN(a, b) a < b ? a : b #define MAX(a, b) a > b ? a : b using namespace std; int readline(char *str) { int i = 0; char ch; while((ch = getchar()) != '\n') { str[i++] = ch; } str[i] = '\0'; return i; } struct node { int val; struct node * left; struct node *right; }; struct node * new_node(int val) { struct node *t = (struct node *) malloc(sizeof(struct node)); t->val = val; t->left = t->right = NULL; return t; } int max(int a, int b) { return a > b ? a : b; } int _max_sum(struct node * root, int * sum) { if(root == NULL) { return 0; } int l = _max_sum(root->left, sum); int r = _max_sum(root->right, sum); int lr = l + root->val; int rr = r + root->val; int s = root->val; int lrs = l + r + s; *sum = max(*sum, max(lr, max(rr, max(s, lrs)))); return max(lr, max(rr, s)); // Not considering l + r + s } int maxPathSum(struct node * root) { int sum = INT_MIN; _max_sum(root, &sum); return sum; } int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { struct node * root = NULL; root = new_node(1); root->left = new_node(2); root->right = new_node(3); printf("%d\n", maxPathSum(root)); return 0; }