Deploy Grafana and Graphite an Ubuntu 14.04 server



Deploy Grafana and Graphite an Ubuntu 14.04 server

Monitor your production systems and application analytics using Grafana and Graphite. This article will help you setup these tools on Ubuntu 14.04 on a Nginx webserver with PostgreSQL as backend.

Before starting following this setup, please go through my previous post on Deploy Graphite and Nginx on an Ubuntu 14.04 server

What is what

What is Grafana?

Grafana is a tool for visualising time-series data for various application analytics. It is a great tool when used in combination with Graphite. It gives us flexibility of creating dashboards and share them with teams. Grafana Official

Installing Graphite

To install Graphite please follow this tutorial on Deploy Graphite and Nginx on an Ubuntu 14.04 server.

Installing Grafana

Install Ubuntu Packages

Executing following commands will install Grafana on your machine

echo 'deb https://packagecloud.io/grafana/stable/debian/ wheezy main' |  sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
curl https://packagecloud.io/gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install grafana

Create a database for Grafana

Just as we created the database for Graphite on PostgreSQL, we will create a database for Grafana as well. Create a database grafana and give user graphite (the user having access to Graphite database) ownership of it.

$ CREATE DATABASE grafana WITH OWNER graphite;

Configure Grafana

Edit the Grafana configuration file

sudo vim /etc/grafana/grafana.ini

The settings should be something like this

[database]
type = postgres
host = 127.0.0.1:5432
name = grafana
user = graphite
password = mypassword

[server]
protocol = http
http_addr = 127.0.0.1
http_port = 3000
domain = grafana.yourservername.com
enforce_domain = true
root_url = %(protocol)s://%(domain)s/

[security]
admin_user = admin
admin_password = your_secure_password
secret_key = your_random_secret_salt

Once your configuration is done, you can start Grafana Server by running

sudo service grafana-server start

The log files are located at /var/log/grafana/grafana.log

If everything goes well the log file should have content

$ tail /var/log/grafana/grafana.log

[0]: default.paths.data=/var/lib/grafana
[1]: default.paths.logs=/var/log/grafana
Paths:
  home: /usr/share/grafana
  data: /var/lib/grafana
  logs: /var/log/grafana

2015/12/16 06:37:15 [I] Database: postgres
2015/12/16 06:37:15 [I] Migrator: Starting DB migration
2015/12/16 06:37:15 [I] Listen: http://127.0.0.1:3000

Setup Nginx for Graphite

Let us first create all files and links

sudo touch /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/grafana
sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/grafana /etc/nginx/sites-available/grafana

# Log files
sudo touch /var/log/nginx/grafana.access.log
sudo chmod 666 /var/log/nginx/grafana.access.log
sudo touch /var/log/nginx/grafana.error.log
sudo chmod 666 /var/log/nginx/grafana.error.log

Now we are ready for configuring Nginx server for Grafana

Open file /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/grafana and put following content in it

sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/grafana

Nginx configuration

server {
  server_name grafana.yourservername.com;
  listen 80;

  rewrite ^(.*) https://$host$1 permanent;
}


server {
  server_name grafana.yourservername.com;


  listen 443 ssl spdy;


  access_log /var/log/nginx/grafana.access.log;
  error_log  /var/log/nginx/grafana.error.log;


  location = /robots.txt {
    echo "User-agent: *\nDisallow: /\n";
  }

  location / {
    proxy_pass         http://localhost:3000;
    proxy_set_header   Host $host;
  }

}

Now you can view a working Grafana on your server. Just hit http://grafana.yourservername.com from your favourite browser.

See it working

Once you open the Grafana page, you will see a page something like this.

Grafana

Log in to the system with default credentials

  • username: admin
  • password: admin

Once you are logged in, you should see a screen like this.

Grafana

Before you see any analytics information here, you should add your data source. The data source you will add will be Graphite that was setup earlier.

Goto Data Source -> Add New

Make following changes:

  • Name: graphite
  • URL: graphite.yourservername.com

You should test your connection before adding any dashboard.

Grafana

Once the connection is successful, now we are ready to add our first dashboard. Go to home page and goto New Dashboard -> New

Once that is done, you can add panels to it. To add graphs in panels click on Green Button -> Add Panel -> Graph. At the botton you will see metrics in which select test and count. Then you will see screen something like this.

Grafana

More Information

Please follow the below links in order to know more about Grafana and its amazing customizations.