LEETCODE binary-tree-preorder-traversal Solution

| September 04, 2016

The correct, optimal and working solution for programming question binary-tree-preorder-traversal on leetcode

/*
 *  Author: Arpit Bhayani
 *  http://arpitbhayani.me
 */
#include <cmath>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <climits>
#include <deque>
#include <iostream>
#include <list>
#include <limits>
#include <map>
#include <queue>
#include <set>
#include <stack>
#include <vector>

#define ll long long

#define MIN(a, b) a < b ? a : b
#define MAX(a, b) a > b ? a : b

using namespace std;

int readline(char *str) {
    int i = 0;
    char ch;
    while((ch = getchar()) != '\n') {
        str[i++] = ch;
    }
    str[i] = '\0';
    return i;
}

struct node {
    int val;
    struct node * left;
    struct node *right;
};


struct node * new_node(int val) {
    struct node *t = (struct node *) malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    t->val = val;
    t->left = t->right = NULL;
    return t;
}

void _preorder(struct node * root, vector<int> &order) {
    if(root == NULL) {
        return;
    }

    order.push_back(root->val);

    _preorder(root->left, order);
    _preorder(root->right, order);
}

vector<int> preorderTraversal(struct node * root) {
    vector<int> order;
    _preorder(root, order);
    return order;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
    struct node * root = NULL;

    root = new_node(1);
    root->left = new_node(2);
    root->right = new_node(3);

    preorderTraversal(root);

    return 0;
}